Stay-At-Home Moms

Home-births1

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Why More Women Are Forgoing the Hospital When Baby Comes

Less than 1 percent of babies are born at home, but that number has seen a sharp increase in recent years. Let’s explore the home birthing trend, the risks and benefits and those involved in helping bring life into the world outside a hospital setting.

State of Birth

Hospitals are the preferred place of birth for most parents-to-be, but it wasn’t always so.

Home births by year
1900 95%*
1940 44%
1969 1%
2009 0.72%
* Nearly all births took place outside hospitals, so this is an estimate

While home births have dropped overall, they’ve risen in recent years, driven by a natural-birthing trend among white women. Rates have risen by nearly 30% in a short time.

Home births by year
2004 2009
0.56% 0.72%
Home births by ethnicity
White 1 in 90
African-American 1 in 357
Hispanic 1 in 500

Percentage of home births by state (2009)
DC 0.2
Louisiana 0.21
New Jersey 0.25
Alabama 0.26
Mississippi 0.26
Georgia 0.32
Illinois 0.36
Nebraska 0.36
West Virginia 0.37
Rhode Island 0.38
South Carolina 0.4
Connecticut 0.41
Delaware 0.42
Texas 0.42
Massachusetts 0.43
North Carolina 0.45
South Dakota 0.48
North Dakota 0.5
California 0.52
Maryland 0.52
Oklahoma 0.52
Florida 0.54
Tennessee 0.64
Wyoming 0.66
Arizona 0.68
Arkansas 0.69
Virginia 0.69
Michigan 0.72
New York 0.73
Kansas 0.77
Ohio 0.83
Minnesota 0.85
Kentucky 0.9
New Hampshire 1
New Mexico 1.03
Missouri 1.07
Iowa 1.11
Nevada 1.15
Colorado 1.22
Maine 1.31
Hawaii 1.33
Indiana 1.38
Alaska 1.49
Utah 1.55
Pennsylvania 1.62
Wisconsin 1.66
Washington 1.67
Idaho 1.69
Vermont 1.91
Oregon 1.96
Montana 2.55

Not Going It Alone

Most women have help during the birthing process, even if they give birth outside a traditional medical setting.

Certified nurse midwife
A person who has completed traditional nursing school and then gone on to complete midwifery training.

Certified professional midwife
A person with training in midwifery who is not a nurse.

Doula
Someone trained to assist emotionally during childbirth but not medically trained.

Home births by type of attendant
Physician 4.8%
Certified nurse midwife 19.5%
Other midwife 42.9
Other attendant 32.9%

Home-births-fb

SOURCES:
http://www.cdc.gov
http://www.medscape.com

2 Responses to Stay-At-Home Moms

  1. On your definition of a CPM, I would like to add to that just a little bit. It should say a person with training in midwifery who is not necessarily a nurse. there are quite a few of us who started as nurses or EMT’s or had some other professional training as well, but CPM’s do not HAVE to have that to become CPM’s. I think it is important for the public to realize there could be a wide variety of backgrounds coming into the CPM route. many CNM’s were either CPM’s previously and went on for further training , as well as many have chosen to carry both credentials. Thanks

  2. This is interesting. But there is no mention here of unassisted childbirth, where a woman gives birth at home without an attendant. A growing number of women are doing this, both in this country and around the world.

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