Home Birth: Stay-at-Home Moms

Home Birth: Stay-at-Home Moms infographic discusses the risks and benefits of the recent home birthing trend.

Home Birth: Stay-at-Home Moms infographic
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Why More Women Are Forgoing the Hospital When Baby Comes

Less than 1 percent of babies are born at home, but that number has seen a sharp increase in recent years. Let’s explore the home birthing trend, the risks and benefits, and those involved in helping bring life into the world outside a hospital setting.

State of Birth

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Hospitals are the preferred place of birth for most parents-to-be, but it wasn’t always so.

Home births by year
1900 95%*
1940 44%
1969 1%
2009 0.72%
* Nearly all births took place outside hospitals, so this is an estimate

While home births have dropped overall, they’ve risen in recent years, driven by a natural-birthing trend among white women. Rates have risen by nearly 30% in a short time.

Home births by year
2004 2009
0.56% 0.72%

Home births by ethnicity
White 1 in 90
African-American 1 in 357
Hispanic 1 in 500

Percentage of home births by state (2009)
DC 0.2
Louisiana 0.21
New Jersey 0.25
Alabama 0.26
Mississippi 0.26
Georgia 0.32
Illinois 0.36
Nebraska 0.36
West Virginia 0.37
Rhode Island 0.38
South Carolina 0.4
Connecticut 0.41
Delaware 0.42
Texas 0.42
Massachusetts 0.43
North Carolina 0.45
South Dakota 0.48
North Dakota 0.5
California 0.52
Maryland 0.52
Oklahoma 0.52
Florida 0.54
Tennessee 0.64
Wyoming 0.66
Arizona 0.68
Arkansas 0.69
Virginia 0.69
Michigan 0.72
New York 0.73
Kansas 0.77
Ohio 0.83
Minnesota 0.85
Kentucky 0.9
New Hampshire 1
New Mexico 1.03
Missouri 1.07
Iowa 1.11
Nevada 1.15
Colorado 1.22
Maine 1.31
Hawaii 1.33
Indiana 1.38
Alaska 1.49
Utah 1.55
Pennsylvania 1.62
Wisconsin 1.66
Washington 1.67
Idaho 1.69
Vermont 1.91
Oregon 1.96
Montana 2.55

Not Going It Alone

Most women have help during the birthing process, even if they give birth outside a traditional medical setting.

Certified nurse-midwife
A person who has completed traditional nursing school and then gone on to complete midwifery training.

Certified professional midwife
A person with training in midwifery who is not a nurse.

Someone trained to assist emotionally during childbirth but not medically trained.

Home births by type of attendant
Physician 4.8%
Certified nurse-midwife 19.5%
Other midwives 42.9
Other attendants 32.9%

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